It thought users were safe, but is now scrambling for a solution
Microsoft Corp.'s security team today acknowledged that it knew of bugs in its Jet Database Engine as far bask as 2005 but did not patch the problems because it thought it had blocked the obvious attack vectors.
A researcher at Symantec Corp. said Microsoft should have fixed the flaws years ago.
In a post to the Microsoft Security Research Center (MSRC) blog late Monday afternoon, Mike Reavey, the MSRC's operations manager, admitted that outside researchers had notified Microsoft in 2005 and 2007 of separate bugs in Jet, a Windows component that provides data access to applications such as Microsoft Access and Visual Basic.
In both cases, Microsoft told the researchers that it would not fix the flaw because it considered users safe. Outlook blocked the .mdb file format from being opened, Exchange servers stripped them from incoming messages and Internet Explorer issued warnings when users clicked on such files, said Reavey about Microsoft's decision.
But the company hadn't thought of the attack strategy now being used by hackers. "Everything changed with the discovery of this new attack vector that allowed an attacker to load an .mdb file via opening a Microsoft Word document," he said. "The previous guidance does not work against this new attack. So that's why we alerted customers to these attacks and are re-investigating Jet parsing flaws -- this is a new attack vector discovered that we didn't know about."
Attackers are, in fact, doing an end-run around Outlook, researchers at Symantec said last week, findings that prompted Microsoft to issue a security advisory warning users running Word on Windows 2000, XP and Server 2003 SP1 to take defensive steps.
One researcher said today that Microsoft could have done more, and done something earlier, to prevent the sudden scramble for a fix.
"I can't count the number of times we've seen this in the past with a Microsoft product," said Oliver Friedrichs, a director with Symantec's security response team. "Clearly, there should have been more concern from Microsoft in the first place. There have been two vulnerabilities, one in 2005 and another in 2007, and both were left unpatched.
"It does draw some concern," Friedrichs said.
The MSRC is still working out how it wants to patch the vulnerability or whether it can put up more barriers to the now-known Word attack. It may block Word documents from automatically loading .mdb files, Reavey said, or it may replace the version of Jet in Windows 2000, XP and Server 2003 SP1 with a newer edition that doesn't contain the bug. The new Jet Database Engine is part of Windows Vista and Windows Server 2003 SP2, and is slated for inclusion in Windows XP SP3, making those operating systems immune from attacks.
Reavey did not provide any additional details on a patch timeline. Last Friday, a MRSC spokesman said a fix might come as a so-called "out-of-band" release, -- in other words, before the next-scheduled general security update due out on April 8.
No matter what kind of patch it produces or when it pushes a fix to users, Microsoft can't change the .mdb file format to make it less dangerous, concluded Reavey. "Jet database files (file type .mdb) will remain on the unsafe file type list because they can run code by design," he noted. "Even if we tried to, we could not secure this file format, it will always present attackers an opportunity to run code."
Until a patch is released, Reavey repeated advice that both Microsoft and Symantec gave last week: disable Jet or block .mdb files at the gateway.